MARCEL LAJOS (LAJKO) BREUER, FAIA (1902-1981)
Born in Pecs, Hungary, Marcel Breuer set off for Vienna in 1920 to study art but disliked the atmosphere at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts. His next move in 1921 was to the Bauhaus School in Weimer, Germany, founded by Walter Gropius. Bauhaus was known for combining the teaching of the arts and architecture as a profession and as a lifestyle.
After graduating from the Bauhaus with a Masters of Architecture degree in 1924, Breuer moved to Paris to pursue architectural studies. Gropius invited Breuer back to the Bauhaus in 1925 to work as the Master of the Carpentry Shop where he made his first great impressions on the world of design with modular furniture. His most famous furniture design was the iconic tubular steel chair inspired by bicycle handlebars. Breuer left Berlin in 1932 and left Germany for London in 1935.
He immigrated to the United States in 1937 after Gropius invited him to teach architecture at the newly established Harvard University Graduate School of Design. Breuer's students included I.M. Pei, Philip Johnson, and Paul Rudolph. Through his roles as teacher and Gropius's business partner, Breuer became a highly influential member of the Modern movement, promoting and implementing Bauhaus concepts. A key example of those ideas was the construction of Black Mountain College in Black Mountain NC.
Herbert Beckhard joined Breuer as an associate in 1956 and became his partner and design coordinator in 1964. Breuer established a European office of Marcel Breuer and Associates in 1964 and moved his main office to New York in 1966. Beckhard and Breuer collaborated on projects in Europe and the United States, including the Washington headquarters of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the University of Massachusetts Campus Center in Amherst and the Strom Thurmond Federal Office Building and Courthouse in Columbia SC.
Breuer was one of the most influential teachers and architects of the Modern movement in America. His most renowned works include St. John's Abbey in Collegeville MN (1953), the UNESCO World Headquarters in Paris (1955-58, in conjunction with Pier Luigi Nervi and Bernard Zehrfuss), the IBM Research Center in La Gaude, France (1960-62), the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City (1964-66), and the Armstrong Rubber Company Headquarters in West Haven, Connecticut (1968-70).
The AIA awarded him the Gold Medal in 1968 and l'Academie d'Architecture in France the Grande Medaille d'Or in 1976. Breuer was also honored with the first one-man show for a living American architect at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1972-73 and a one-man exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in 1981. Breuer died in New York City in 1981. He is buried under the pines next to his house in Wellfleet MA. The spot is marked by a simple stone that he and his partner, Herbert Beckhard, brought back from a trip to Japan.
Beckhard left in the 1980's and the partnership was renamed Gatje Papachristou Smith. The firm dissolved in 1986.
Many thanks to TMH volunteers Tobias Kaiser, Kaylee Seifert, and Catherine Westergaard for their extensive research.
1925 - The Wissinger Apartment, Berlin, Germany. Address unknown; do you know where it is?
1926 - The Grote Residence, Dessau, Germany. Address unknown; do you know where it is?
1926 - The Moholy-Nagy Apartment and Studio, Berlin, Germany. Designed with Walter Gropius. Address unknown; do you know where it is?
1926 - The Muche/Schlemmer House, Dessau, Germany. One of the "Master Houses" for Bauhaus faculty, it was a duplex for Georg and El Muche and Oskar and Tut Schlemmer, who were also teaching at the Bauhaus. Designed with Walter Gropius. Address unknown; do you know where it is?
1926 - The Thoost House, Hamburg, Germany. Address unknown; do you know where it is?
1927 - The Bambos Houses, Dessau, Germany. Unbuilt row of prefabricated houses for Bauhaus masters Bayer, Albers, Mayer, Breuer, Otte and Schmidt (hence their acronym BAMBOS).
1928 - The Spandau-Haselhorst Housing, Spandau, Germany. Probably unbuilt.
1928 - The Marcel and Martha Earps Breuer Apartment, Berlin, Germany. Address unknown; do you know where it is?
1929 - The Gottfried and Gertrud Heinersdorff House, Pfleidererstrasse 4, Berlin-Lichterfelde, Berlin, Germany. Commissioned 1928. Breuer was the interior designer and designed the furniture; the architect was Walter Würzbach.
According to grandson Tom Heinersdorff,
Otto Bolte owned this part of the plot of land between
Kohlerstrasse, Friedrichstrasse, Kommandantenstrasse and
Pfleidererstrasse, and let Gottfried
build a house on it.
The family left for financial reasons in 1936 and moved 4km away.
The family left for financial reasons in 1936 and moved 4km away.
The house was seized at the close of WWII by American occupation forces. When Gertrud Heinersdorff returned in 1953, the roof needed repairs, and the lens window and all the furniture had disappeared. She rented the building and grounds to the Catholic Aquinata sisterhood, which turned it into a hospital for women. Later the nuns bought it and after that received permission to demolish it around 1972 to build a new hospital, bottom photo (the house stood to the rear of the second, more modern-looking building).
1928 - The Melder House,
1929 - The De Francesco Apartment, Berlin, Germany. Address unknown; do you know where it is?
1920 - The Boroschek Apartment, Berlin, Germany.
1931 - The Reidemeister House, Berlin, Germany. Address unknown; do you know where it is?
1933 - The Harnischmacher I House,
Schöne Aussicht 53, Wiesbaden, Germany.
1936 - The Crofton Gane House, 24 Downs Park West, Clifton suburb of Bristol, England. This was a large conventional 1920s property owned by a furniture manufacturer who commissioned Breuer, at the same time that the Gane Pavillion was built, to remodel his house. Both projects were aimed at promoting Gane's Modernist furniture. The house still stands but its contents were removed in the 1970s. Quite a bit of the is furniture in various public collections.
1937 - The Sea Lane
House, East Preston, Angmering-On-Sea, Sussex, England.
1938 - The John Hagerty House, aka the Josephine Hagerty House, 357 Atlantic Avenue, Cohasset MA. Commissioned 1937 as a summer house for the client's mother. Designed with Walter Gropius. Photos by Dean Kaufman. Sold three times; with several renovations. The fifth owner is a Ms. Sasseen who bought it in 2001 and was featured in DWELL. Sold to Atlantic Avenue Realty Trust. The hanging porch with a stairway was a theme used by Breuer and was present in his 1933 - Harnischmacher I House. The terrace over the study is now a bedroom, the window woodwork has been replaced to be more energy-efficient but is not as elegant as the original, and the aerial porch has lost the screen window frames. This was the second house Breuer did in America and the first done in partnership with Gropius. Third photo by David Sundberg/ESTO.
1939 - The Marcel Breuer House I,
5 Woods End Road, Lincoln MA.
Commissioned 1938. Breuer married Constance Crocker Leighton in
1940; it is unclear at what point she became involved with the
house. Designed with
Walter Gropius. Added to
the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.
The original house was enlarged on the
north and east sides, which was foreseen by Breuer. The veranda
screen windows were replaced by glass, the chimney grew to be higher
than the north addition, and spouts were turned into drain pipes.
Sold to Mark Goldstein and Myrna Chandler-Goldstein.
Bottom left photo: Herbert Bayer (back of head),
Marian Willard (back), Ise Gropius (center), and Ati Gropius
(above), circa 1940. Bottom right photo: Constance Breuer (at railing),
Dottie Noyes (on bookshelf), and Christopher Tunnard, circa 1940.
Bottom left photo: Herbert Bayer (back of head), Marian Willard (back), Ise Gropius (center), and Ati Gropius (above), circa 1940. Bottom right photo: Constance Breuer (at railing), Dottie Noyes (on bookshelf), and Christopher Tunnard, circa 1940.
1939 - The James and Katherine Morrrow Ford House, 10 Woods End Road, Lincoln MA. Commissioned 1938. Designed with Walter Gropius. Featured in Architectural Record March 1940. Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. Sold to Karoly and Judith Balogh.
1939 - The Edward and Margrit Fischer House and Studio, aka Waldermark, 1300 Wrightstown Road, Newtown PA. Commissioned 1938. The Fischers were friends of Breuer and Gropius from the Bauhaus days. The house was designed with Walter Gropius. Breuer designed a guest house, at 1280 Wrightstown Road, which was built in 1948. There is also a garage. Sold in 1996 to David F. and Cecily R. Itkoff.
1940 - The Robert and Cecelia Frank Residence, 96 East Woodland Road, Pittsburgh PA. Designed with Walter Gropius. Commissioned in 1939 after the Franks visited Gropius' house in Lincoln MA. 12,000-sf, complete with a dining room that seats 24 people, curved glass facade, five terraces, nine bedrooms, 13 bathrooms and a 40x20 indoor swimming pool. Deeded to their son Alan I. W. Frank. Website. Photos by Joe Marinaro and Pete Copeland.
1940 - The Chamberlain Cottage, 68 Moore Road (aka Wayside Road), Wayland (aka Sudbury) MA. Designed with Walter Gropius. On considerable acreage. Has been renovated and expanded. Part of the movie The Surrogates was filmed there. Sold in 2005 to Perry and Amy Beckett.
1941 - The Sprinza Weizenblatt Residence, 46 Marlborough Road, Asheville NC. Weizenblatt came to Asheville from Austria to practice ophthalmology. Commissioned 1940. Asheville's Anthony Lord was the supervising architect. Upon her death, the property was given to Bertrand and Hertha Horwitz, Weizenblatt's niece. Sold in 2006 to 46 Marlborough Rd. LLC. Bottom photo by Mary Jo Brezny.
1942 - The Plas 2 Point House, designed as easily transportable, low-cost housing for returning soldiers from WWII. These were demountable houses to rest on two short piers, thus saving on foundation and cellar costs. The floor and roof are formed with cantilevered plywood girders, the end walls are rigid panels in tension. Breuer had this model built of the project and used it as part of his design curriculum while teaching at Harvard. It was never built on a full scale.
1944 - The Aluminum City Terrace Housing Project, East Hills Drive, New Kensington PA near Pittsburgh. Designed with Walter Gropius. Built by the federal government to house defense workers during World War II. It continues to operate as a successful cooperative.
1944 - The East River Apartments, New York NY. Probably not built.
1944 - The Long Beach Hospital Nurses Residence, Long Beach NY. Breuer was not yet licensed in New York and formed an association with Serge Chermayeff. According to the Breuer records at Syracuse, the hospital client forced Breuer to work with an additional architect, Walter Katz, that the hospital had contracted with previously.
1945 - The Florida House, Miami Heights FL.
The Gilbert and Martha G. Tompkins House,
Hewlett Harbor NY. Photos by Ezra Stoller/ESTO.
1946 - The Layng Martine House, Stamford CT. Was to be built near one of Breuer's properties. Unbuilt.
1947 - The Bertram (Bert) and Phyllis Geller House I, 175 Ocean Avenue, Lawrence NY. Commissioned 1944. Breuer called this layout "binuclear", separating the living-dining-kitchen area from the sleeping area. The two wings of the house are connected by an entrance hallway. The Geller house was the first of these to be built. Both the house and adjacent guest house have "butterfly roofs" which slope inward and are centrally drained. Breuer also designed much of the furniture. Built by Gordon Roth. Featured in Arts and Architecture, June 1947. Architect Leon Rosenthal designed the 1967 pool installation. Sold sometime later to Geller's son and his wife, Burton and Helene Geller. Sold to Edward and Laura Labaton in 1992. Architect John F. Capobianco designed 1992 alterations.
1947 - The Arthur W. Thompson House, aka Wonderwood, Ligonier PA. Sold to Jane McKay and the Thompson's son Gordon Thompson. For sale in 1986.
1948 - The Preston Robinson House, aka the Robinson Estate, 236 Bulkley Street, Williamstown MA. Located on immense acreage. Commissioned 1946. In the 1970s the new owner asked Breuer's advice and changed the interior colors and substituted the fiber flooring with stone slabs. Later, the eastern facade posts began to warp (putting the windows in danger) and were finally replaced by metal frames covered in wood. Photos by David Sundberg/ESTO. Sold in 1992 to John and Estelle Kucich.
1948 - The Marcel Breuer Cottage, 634 Black Pond Road, on Williams Pond, Wellfleet MA. Built by Ernie Rose. In 1961 Breuer and Beckhard added to Breuer's house a separate studio for his son. The addition, which can function as a separate house with its own kitchenette, bathroom, and fireplace, is connected to the original house by an entry porch/breezeway. Though in essence another complete house, it is comprised of the same materials and details as the main house. Sold in 1992.Sold to Thomas Breuer.
1948 - The Marcel Breuer House II, aka the Breuer/Robeck House, aka Breuer House I in New Canaan, 122 South Sunset Hill Road, New Canaan CT. Breuer moved to New York City in 1946 and was persuaded by former student Eliot Noyes to consider building a home in New Canaan in 1947. Unlike many of the other New Canaan Modernist architects, he kept his primary residence in New York City and used the New Canaan house as a weekend and vacation retreat. B/W photos by Pedro E. Guerrero. In 1949, the house was featured in Architectural Review. The iconic features are the deep overhangs of the wooden volume over the base and a large terrace suspended by cables. In the original house the terrace was suspended from a volume which was already cantilevered. The cantilever produced uncontrollable tensions. The ceiling was unable to hold the terrace up. As the weight of the terrace descended, the living-room floor became deformed. When the reinforced cables began to give again, Breuer had a stone wall built to support the terrace.
In 1951, Breuer moved his family to Breuer House III and Russell Roberts became the new owner of Breuer II. In 1964, it was sold to Peter M. and Gertrude M. Robeck. In 1969, a two-car garage was constructed and a swimming pool added in 1971. Between 1985 and 1988, Herbert Beckhard did additions and renovations. Sold in 1994 to John R. Horgan.
1949 - The New York Museum of Modern Art Exhibition House, aka MOMA House, aka House in the Garden, erected in the sculpture garden at 4 West 54th Street, New York NY. Built by Murphy-Brinkworth Construction Corporation. Commissioned 1948.
The plan was devised for middle-income families with two children. Both indoor and outdoor areas are zoned for different activities. Many of Breuer's innovations are incorporated in this house: the "butterfly roof"; projecting parapets that reach out into space; the tautly desigend staircase; vertical wood siding. The kitchen is placed at the center as "command center", from it one has a clear view into both living-dining area and the children's playroom. Parents live in the balcony end of the house, the children the opposite, visually connected.
Moved to the Rockefeller Estate, aka Kykiut, 200 Lake Road, Pocantico Hills, Tarrytown NY.
MOMA House led to other commissions for Breuer: the Foote House
(1949-1950) and the Tibby House (1952-1953); the Tilley House in Red
Bank NJ (1949-1950); and the Lauck
House in Princeton NJ (1950).
1949 - The Gyorgy Kepes Cottage, Long Pond Road, Wellfleet, MA. Commissioned 1948. Kepes was an artist and a friend of Breuer's from the Bauhaus. The design was almost the same as Breuer's own cottage nearby. Built by Ernie Rose.
1949 - The Arthur U. and Edith Hooper House Addition I, 5840 Pimlico Road, Baltimore MD. Featured in Home and Garden Magazine, April 1951. Most of the land was sold off and the house is now surrounded by other houses.
1949 - The Donald N. Clark House, Orange CT. Address unknown. Stone masonry was used for the base and façade walls. The house resembles the 1931 Villa Mandrot by Le Corbusier which Breuer visited in the early 1930's. Color photo by David Sundberg/ESTO.
1949 - The Jacob (Jack) Marshad House, 204 Cleveland Drive, Croton-on-Hudson NY. According to their daughter, Barbara Marshad Lasky Mitzner, her parents had "seen a house that he had designed in the garden of the Museum of Modern Art. I remember my Dad say that they couldn't get a bank to give them a mortgage because they were afraid of modern design. The house had stone floors throughout most of the rooms and the entire back of the house had large single pane windows (floor to ceiling) which were unheard of at that time. As a child, I remember Mr. Breuer coming over, unannounced to say "Hello" and see how my parents were and to look at the house. While it was not a large house, it was well ahead of it's time. My parents filled it with modern furniture from Herman Miller, Eames, George Nakashima, etc." They sold it in the 1970's. Sold in 1998 to Joseph Biber, who is the third owner, and provided the non-aerial photos.
1949 - The Arnold and Selma Potter House, 84 Stoneybrook Road, Cape Elizabeth ME. Although the house has since been added onto (a bedroom wing) and the materials stripped back to bare wood from its original coated surface, the house's form remains intact. Today, the screens are closed in with glass. Sold to Carla Stenberg.
1949 - The Ogden Kniffin House, New Canaan CT. Designed with Eliot Noyes. Destroyed. Photos by Wayne Andrews/Esto, Ben Schnall, and Walter Sanders.
1949 - The Stuart and Katherine Scott House, near Scargo Hills Road, Dennis MA on Cape Cod. Commissioned 1947. In 2009, through a collaborative effort between the Museum of Modern Art, the Cape Cod Times, and the Cape Cod Modern House Trust, the Scott house was located in an unaltered state. The structure still held its original furniture and was still owned by the Scott family. As of 2011 the owner is Susan Scott Porter (above) who grew up in the house.
1950 - The
Peter McComb House,
27 Hornbeck Ridge, Poughkeepsie NY.
1950 - The Aspen House, aka Barrailler Farm, aka the Vacation House, Aspen CO. The entire structure consists of a reinforced concrete wall set between a wall-enclosed area. Unsure if built.
1950 - The John Englund House, Pleasantville NY. Unsure if built.
1951 - The John and Beverly "B" Hanson House, Huxley Drive and Beech Hill Road, Lloyd Harbor, Huntington NY. The carport was planned by Breuer for conversion into a three-bedroom, two-bath wing for children at a later date. Another architect did the expansion around 1966. Owned as of 2012 by son Blake Hanson and his wife Lenore. Bottom color photos by Ed Betz.
1950 - The Mills House, New Canaan CT. Commissioned 1949. Has been destroyed.
1950 - The Lauck House, Princeton NJ. Based on the MOMA house exhibited in 1949.
1951 - The Marcel Breuer House III, aka the Breuer/Bratti House, New Canaan CT. Sometimes referred to as Breuer House II by those who aren't counting his first house in Lincoln MA. 4264 sf. Featured in the New York Times and Holiday Magazine. Sold in 1975 to Gerald O. and Nancy F. Bratti.
The Brattis hired Herbert Beckhard to design extensive renovations completed between roughly 1976 and 1982 . Those renovations were featured in Architectural Record Houses of 1981, including a one-story children's wing connected to the main house by an enclosed glass-and-stone corridor (1976); a new garage (1976), swimming pool (1980-81); a 27'x29' underground poolhouse/guesthouse (1980-81); and an attached greenhouse (1982).
Sold in 1990 to Edward N. and Jeanne S. Epstein. Sold in 1997 to Arlene H. Stern. Sold in 2004 to development company 628 West Road LLC. Sold in 2005 to Robert and Susan Bishop, saving it from demolition. They removed the addition designed by Beckhard and constructed a freestanding addition designed by Toshiko Mori.
1951 - The Rufus and Leslie C. Stillman House I, 63 Beecher Lane, Litchfield CT. Commissioned 1950. Breuer designed three houses for Rufus Stillman; this was the first. This hillside house is entered from the upper floor. Parents were upstairs; children downstairs. A studio building was added along with a steel framed stair from the living room balcony to a new swimming pool. A screen porch was added (next to last photo).
The Stillmans sold it around the time they moved to Stillman II, then bought it back years later. Sold in 2009 to Kenneth Sena and Joseph Mazzaferro who as of 2013 are removing the screen porch.
The Howard Pack House,
12 Herkimer Road, Scarsdale NY.
The house was later enlarged by Herbert Beckhard by occupying a part
of the rectangular platform, so that the L-scheme became a U-scheme.
Sold to Dorothy Pack. Color photos by David Sundberg/ESTO.
1951 - The Aufricht House Addition,
Greacen Point Road, Mamaroneck NY.
Contractor: August Nelson .
1952 - The George Robinson House,
Redding Ridge CT.
1952 - The John and Emily Tibby House, Port
1952 - The Doris Caesar Cottage, Lakeville CT. One of the first uses of tension cables, inspired by sailboat rigging, for the deck railings. Caesar was Breuer patron Leslie Stillman's mother.
1953 - The Calabi House, Lagrangeville NY. Address unknown; do you know where it is?
1953 - The George and Vera Neumann House, Croton-on-Hudson NY. The owners as of 2010 were former employees of Vera's and the house was kept impeccably well and furnished with period pieces.
1953 - The
Crall House, 7670 Old Mill Road, Gates Mills OH.
1954 - The Edgar Stillman Beach Cottage I, Wellfleet MA. Commissioned 1954. This "long house" on stilts was made to fit the irregular contours of the original site. All structural support comes from widely-spaced posts in outside walls. There are no interior load-bearing partitions. The house has been moved back from the dunes and significantly altered.
1954 - The Harnischmacher II House, Wiesbaden, Germany.
1954 - The
Thomas Karsten House, Owings Mills MD.
1955 - The June Halverson Alworth House, 2620 Greysolon Road East, Duluth MN. Soon after finishing the house, Alworth remarried Robert J. Starkey and it became known as the Starkey House. Designed with Herbert Beckhard. Built by JD Harrold. Fred Dubin was the mechanical engineer. Weisenfeld and Hayward were the structural engineers. Overlooks Lake Superior. Time featured it in October 1956. Renovations included an added porch under the bedrooms and the transformation of the southwest façade of the veranda. Sold to Neal and Iola Vanstrom. B/W photos by Ezra Stoller/ESTO.
"People will stop and stare," she says. "But once inside, they say, 'Well, it is nice looking.' They seem surprised. As a matter of fact, I think they are glad we did it. They wouldn't themselves, but they get a kick out of seeing ours." -- June Starkey, Time Magazine, 1956
1955 - The Robert P. Snower House, 6701 Belinder Street, Mission Hills KS. Commissioned 1954. Still owned by the Snowers as of 2008.
1955 - The Andy and Jamie Gagarin House I, Old South Road and Gallows Lane, Litchfield CT. Commissioned 1953. Designed with Herbert Beckhard. Bottom photo by Otto Baitz. Has been renovated.
1955 - The Vito Grieco House, Sunset Rock Road, Andover MA. Commissioned 1954. Photos by Ezra Stoller/ESTO and David Sundberg/ESTO.
1956 - The Marion Levy House, Winant Road, Princeton NJ. Commissioned 1952.
1957 - The George and Marian Laaff House, Reservation Road, Andover MA. Commissioned 1955. Designed with Herbert Beckhard; Dan Kiley, Landscape Architects; built by Fichera Construction Company. A Yankee house with a Mediterranean twist, according to Architectural Record, January 1960. As of 2007, the owner was Keith Vangeison.
1958 - The Bill and Mariana Staehelin House, Feldmeilen, near Zurich Switzerland. Commissioned 1956. Designed with Herbert Beckhard. Eberhard Eidenbenz was the project associate in Switzerland. 9,000 sf. Breuer said "When the geometry of the house is projected out into the landscape – through retaining walls, terraces, etc. – it must be treated as a distinctly man-made thing. It is definitely something built as a backdrop to the landscape – and the landscape is a backdrop to it." Featured in Architectural Record, January 1960.
1958 - The Krieger House, 6739 Brigadoon Drive, Bethesda MD. Commissioned 1956. The landscape architect was Dan Kiley. The Kriegers lived there until 1964. Sold in 1990 to John G. Katinas. It was placed on the National Register in 2007.
1959 - The Arthur and Edith Hooper House II, 1100 Copper Hill Road, Baltimore County MD. Commissioned 1956. Sold in 1996 to Richard North. Middle two photos by Zubin Shroff. Bottom photo by David Sundberg/ESTO.
1959 - The Peter Ustinov House, Vevey, Switzerland. Unbuilt.
1960 - The McMullen House, 716 Wildwood Avenue, Mantolocking NJ. Has been extensively renovated, with the flat roof made gabled, bottom photo. Sold to Gilbert and Brenda Alto. Destroyed by Hurricane Sandy in 2012.
1961 - The Fairview
Heights Apartments, Maple Avenue, Ithaca NY.
The Frank Kacmarcik House,
2065 Wildview Avenue, St. Paul MN.
1963 - The Howard Wise Cottage, King Phillip Road, Wellfleet MA. Commissioned 1948. A mirror image of the Breuer Cottage. The reversed floor plan was in response to the way the house was to be positioned on the site. Breuer and Beckhard built an expanded version of the breezeway in the Breuer Cottage for Wise because it became an important gathering space.
1965 - The Jacques and Christina Koerfer House, Moscia, Tessin, Switzerland. Commissioned 1963. Designed with Herbert Beckhard. Overlooks Lake Maggiore. Bene Meyer was the structural engineer. Edison Price was the lighting consultant. Construction supervision by Rudolph Frank. Featured in Architectural Record, November 1966. Won a national AIA Award.
1965 - The Rufus and Leslie Stillman House II, 106 Clark Road, Litchfield CT. 9.5 acres. Commissioned 1964. Designed with Herbert Beckhard. Built by the Hirsch Brothers. Sold in 2007 to Barbara Dente and Donna Cristina. Restored in 2008. For sale in 2012.
The Soriano House,
Close Road, Greenwich CT. Commissioned 1967.
1969 - The Bert and Phyllis Geller House II, Ocean Avenue, Lawrence NY. Commissioned 1967. Designed with Herbert Beckhard. Featured in Architectural Record, July 1970. Zoldos and Meagher were the engineers. Built by Barnes Building. Azzarone Construction did the concrete. Interiors by Breuer and Beckhard. Landscape architect, Klonsky Associates. Juan Montoya designed an addition with a curved roof, bottom two photos, in 1980.
1973 - The Saier House, Glanville-Calvados, France. Commissioned 1972. Designed with Mario Jossa, it was the realization of the unbuilt Ustinov House in Vevey, Switzerland. Featured in Architectural Record, August 1977. Built by Enterprise Marion. Engineers, Cabinet Dufromont.
1974 - The Rufus and Leslie Stillman Cottage, aka Roman Cottage, 95 Wheeler Road, Litchfield CT. Built by Rufus Stillman. Sold to Kenneth Sena and Joseph Mazzaferro.
The Andrew (Andy) Gagarin House at Big Sur CA, also referred to as Gagarin II.
1979 - The Boyarsky House Renovation, 333 Ocean Avenue, Lawrence NY. The original 1963 house, not by Breuer, was obliterated with the new design. Sold to Morton and Marlene Kriger.
1984 - The Laurie and Peter Schwartz House, 36 Beachside Avenue, Westport CT. The design is attributed to Breuer, who was dead by that point; the project was implemented by Herbert Beckhard. As of 2011 still owned by the Schwartz's.
Sources include: Archives of American Art, New Canaan CT NTHP Breuer Archive, National Trust for Historic Preservation, Marcel Breuer: Buildings and Projects by Marcel Breuer; Sun and Shadow: The Philosophy of an Architect by Marcel Breuer, Virtual Globetrotting, Smithsonian Archive of American Art; Architecture without Rules: Houses of Breuer and Beckhard; Peter McMahon; 2G magazine's Marcel Breuer: American Houses edition; Breuer Archives at Syracuse.
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