Loewenstein said that
"dedicated architects die unhappy. They never get to unleash
creative juices because of pressure to please clients."
2014 Article in Our State
Highlights from the Greensboro Zoning Commission's initial
2009 discussion on
Loewenstein's 1958 Commencement House. See their vote,
The Greensboro City Council's November
Loewenstein's 1958 Commencement House.
The world's expert on Loewenstein houses is Patrick Lee Lucas of the
University of Kentucky, formerly with UNC-Greensboro.
Born in Chicago, Edward
Loewenstein graduated from Deerfield Shields High School then graduated from MIT with a BA in Architecture in 1935. He worked as a draftsman for Ralph E. Stoetzel and Newhouse Berham in Chicago before opening an office in Highland Park IL in 1938,
designing five houses on one street. He served in the US Army for five years starting in 1941.
In 1946, he moved to Greensboro with wife Francis Stern Loewenstein. His wife's stepfather, the very
wealthy Julius Cone, provided access to a large social network of contacts upon which Loewenstein built an architectural practice. In 1953, he joined with Robert A.
Atkinson, Jr. to form Loewenstein-Atkinson and was elected president of the NC Architectural Foundation from 1953-1955.
Loewenstein was the first white architect
in North Carolina to hire black architects, including
W. Edward (Blue) Jenkins,
Major Sanders, and
Clinton Gravely. According to his daughter, Jane Levy, "my father
just respected everyone. When confronted by white architects who had a
problem with black co-workers, he told them they were welcome to leave." Loewenstein was an active member of Terry Sanford's North Carolina Commission on
Here's the firm
around 1965: Major Sanders is in the middle front and Clinton Gravely is three to the
right in the back. The firm's work was featured in the New York Times,
Architectural Record, Good Housekeeping, and Southern
Architect among other publications..
Walter T. (Tom) Wilson was 27 when he was made partner
in 1967 and the firm became Loewenstein Atkinson and Wilson. At its peak
the firm employed
more than 30 with branches in Greensboro, Martinsville VA, Danville VA,
Raleigh, and Burlington. The firm designed around 1600 buildings. Their offices were in a non-modernist Georgian-style house at
1030 East Wendover Avenue, the
former mansion of Julius Cone where Wilson stored
all of the firm's blueprints. As of 2009, the
firm is called Wilson Lysiak.
Loewenstein's many well-known commercial
projects included the Greensboro YWCA, the Hayes Taylor YMCA, the Beth David
Synagogue, and the Greensboro Public
Library, now the Elon University Law School, below.
portfolio was frequently Modernist, he did many traditional and
hybrid houses which
are also included here. He died of a sudden heart
attack in 1970.
Late 1930's -
Three to five traditional houses in
Highland Park IL.
No photos or addresses. Do you know
where they are?
1950 - The R. S. Cole House,
1208 Westridge Road, Greensboro.
Sold in 1955 to John Futrell. Sold in 1962 to Thomas A.
and Dorothy Hall, Jr. Sold in 1989 to Curtis and Terry
Lashley, who took out the existing Modernist windows and put in
vertical windows. Sold in 1991 to
Rob and Karen Luisana, who added a second story in 1991 designed
by Karen Luisana and built by Don
Sykes. Photos by Paul Macy.
The Martha and Wilbur Lee (Bo) Carter, Jr. Residence,
1012 Country Club Drive, Greensboro NC. This is the first
Modernist house in the area. Loewenstein
incorporated passive solar heating in the "solar cell" room on
the south side. The room originally had a glass roof, sheltered in summer by two
mature trees. In winter, without leaves on the trees, the sun
could warm the room. A few years after construction, the trees died and were removed. The room got much too hot without
the trees so the glass roof was replaced with a conventional roof.
Listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2008. Won an AIANC design award in 1951. Featured in Architectural Record 1952-53.
Sold to Daniel and Kathy Craft. Bottom photo by Leilani Carter.
Part of the 2013 NCMH Modstar Tour.
1951 - The A. M.
and Ruth Fleishman Residence,
2614 Morganton Road, Fayetteville NC.
As of 2011 owned by Dara and Stefani Wolff.
Jim Brandt was
the draftsman. Built by Ed Rynick. Top four
b/w photos by
Has seriously deteriorated; by 2013 was on the market as a
teardown. Small bottom photos taken in 2013 by Virginia
- The Adele and M. Lewis Rosenberg House,
3300 Starmount Drive,
Greensboro. Traditional design. Sold to Clara
Mae Lupton. Sold to heirs of Clara Mae Lupton.
- The Barbara and Harvey Colchamiro House,
106 Knollwood Drive, Greensboro.
Traditional design. Sold in
2002 to John and Lori Wilson.
1952 - The Charles
D. Orth III House, corner of Dover Road at Hammel Road, Greensboro.
Traditional design. Commissioned 1950. Has been
1952 - The Edith Pipkin
Cottage, aka Pink Perfection,
172 Ocean Boulevard, Kitty Hawk, NC.
was secretary of the Cone Mills. Deeded to Pipkin's great-nephew Ashmead
1953 - The Eleanor and Marion Bertling Residence,
2312 Princess Ann Street, Greensboro NC. Atypical of the times, almost three dozen
neighbors signed a petition of support for building a Modernist dwelling, flying in the face of the unwritten restrictions from the planning and zoning department
to prohibit such designs in the Kirkwood neighborhood. Sold to Elaine and John Hammer.
Exterior photos by
1953 - The JoAnne Spangler Residence,
444 Downing Drive, Danville VA. The 1700-square foot, one-story home perches on the hillside and a large exterior deck floats above the creek, suspending deck-sitters in the midst of trees.
Sold in 2006 to Porter Aichele and Fritz Janschka.
Restored in 2007. In 2011, architect Carl Myatt designed a
1954 - The Addie and John R. Miller
1904 Lafayette Avenue, Greensboro.
Traditional design. Sold in 1986 to Betty Jo and Charles Forney III.
1954 - The Mildred and
E. Ray Bond House,
1214 Westridge Road, Greensboro.
Unsure if this is the original house footprint; it appears to
have an addition. Sold to Edward and Colleen C. Catalano.
Has been remodeled away from Modernist design. Bottom photo by Steve Powers.
1954 - The Oscar and
Juliet Burnett House,
1908-1910 Lafayette Avenue, Greensboro.
Interiors by Sarah Hunter Kelly. Lighting by
Thomas Smith Kelly. Destroyed
1954 - The William A.
(Bill) Stern House,
114 Wedgedale Avenue, Greensboro. Traditional design. As of 2011 owned by Douglas and Shannon Childs.
The Edward and Frances Loewenstein House,
2104 Granville Road, Greensboro. Featured in the New York Times Magazine, June
1955. Has a separate carport / apartment. Located on three acres.
As of 2011 owned by Jane Levy, Loewenstein's daughter, and her husband
Richard. The amazing living room fireplace is built
into a window.
of the 2013 NCMH Modapalooza Tour.
1954 - The Maurice and Dorothy Fleishman House,
1501 Raeford Road,
Fayetteville NC. Attributed to Loewenstein. Sold to
Raymond E. Nicholson. Destroyed in 2009.
1954 - The Libbie and Clarence Cone
910 Sunset Drive, Greensboro.
4900 sf. Traditional design. Destroyed around
large houses, shown above, were built on the site around 2005.
1954 - The James
L. Henson House,
1004 Dover Road, Greensboro. Sold 1976 to Clara B. and Curtis Ray Holmes.
Traditional design. Transferred to their trust in 1998.
1957 - The
Lawrence and Ellen Cohen House,
1002 Dover Road, Greensboro. Sold in 1978 to M. Harvey Rubin.
Sold in 1986 to Albert and Florence Jacobson.
A mix of
Modern and traditional; often referred to as Loewenstein
1955 - The Martha
and Ceasar Cone House,
506 West Cornwallis Drive,
Greensboro. Destroyed. Loewenstein's daughter
Jane Loewenstein Levy recalls that Cone was the only client her
father argued with, especially over the cost of air conditioning
the Modernist mansion Loewenstein designed for him. Cone
fired and then rehired Loewenstein. The mansion was
demolished around 1994 for a cul-de-sac neighborhood, bottom
photo. B/W photos by
Carol W. Martin/Greensboro Historical Museum Collection.
1955 - The Alsia and
Archie B. Joyner House,
1805 Nottingham Road, Greensboro.
Sold in 1995 to Susan S. and Thomas
1955 - The Elreta
and Girardeau Alexander House, Randleman Road, Greensboro.
On February 12, 1962, Girardeau and 10 other black citizens of
Greensboro filed a historic suit against two new hospitals of
that Black Negro physicians and dentists from the staffs of the
hospitals and the exclusion of Negro patients either from
admission or admission on the same basis as whites was in
violation of constitutional rights. The Alexanders divorced
and Elreta Alexander-Ralston became the first black woman in the
nation elected to the bench in 1968. In 1947, she was the
first black woman licensed as a lawyer in North Carolina.
1955 - The Ann and Lloyd P. Tate
Residence, aka Starland Farm, Midland Road, Southern
Landscape architecture by
Thomas Hayes worked for Loewenstein and went
to Southern Pines to oversee construction. Interiors by Sarah
Hunter Kelly. Destroyed
around 1989 for the Long Leaf Country Club.
1955 - The Doris and W. C. Boren III House,
1912 Lafayette Avenue, Greensboro.
Traditional design. Sold in
1983 to Charley W and Judith Proctor. Sold
in 1997 to William E. and Emily Hall, Jr.
1955 - The Faye
and French P. Wise House,
3700 Holts Chapel Road, Greensboro.
Traditional design. Sold in 2000 to Amy A. Reynolds.
Photo by Steve Powers.
1955 - The Ogburn Fletcher Stafford, Sr. House,
Wayne Road, Sedgefield NC. Taken over by NCNB when
Fletcher died in 1970. Remodeled in 1974.
Sold to Sigmund and Helen Davidson in 1978.
Transferred under Davidson family control several times.
Sold in 1991 to Barry and Susan Heller. Sold in
2002 to Layne A. and Judy Ann Fuller.
- The Herman L. and Edyth Davidson Residence,
3932 Starmount Drive,
Greensboro. Designed with Otto Zenke.
A bit modern from the outside. Inside,
quite traditional. Sold in 2001 to William C.
Alley and Gordon L. Nelson. Sold in 2005
to Douglas (Slade) and Tamera (Tammy) Lewis.
1956 - The Stephen
L. and Nancy York Upson House,
2101 Lafayette Avenue,
Original house, left photo
Traditional design. Sold in 2007 to Liza M. and James
C. Lee. They changed
the roofline and expanded the footprint, right photo.
The Isabel and Sydney Cone, Jr. House,
306 Rockford Road,
As of 2011 owned by Paul and Mary Livingston.
1956 - The Sidney J. and Katherine (Kay) Stern Residence,
1804 Nottingham Road,
Greensboro. 5000 sf. Sold in 2012 to the Katherine Stern
Trust. Interiors by Sarah Hunter Kelly.
Part of the
2013 NCMH Modstar Tour.
1958 - The Robert S. and Bettie Chandgie House,
Greensboro. Commissioned 1957.
A mix of Modern and traditional; often referred
to as Loewenstein "hybrid" house. Renovated in 1985. As of 2011 still owned by the Chandgies.
- The Emma and Victor Bates House,
3910 Starmount Drive,
Sold in 2001 to
William Chester Alley and Gordon L. Nelson.
1957 - The Monroe and
Esther Rippe House,
Danville VA. 3000 sf. Address unknown.
1958 - The Francis
and Irvin Squires Residence, aka the Commencement House,
2207 North Elm Street, taught an innovative architectural design course at NC Woman's College (now UNC-Greensboro). Twenty-three
female students designed a house, oversaw its
construction, and decorated the resulting structure, dubbed
the Commencement House by the University's public
relations office. The Greensboro Daily News proclaimed the house "as
modern as tomorrow," hailing the women who designed it as
pioneers, reporting that "they are the first pupils outside
the schools of architecture to attempt the complete
designing and building of a house." At its May 1958 dedication, covered by the
and broadcast on WUNC-TV, North Carolina First Lady Mrs.
Luther Hodges, herself an alumna of Woman's College, cut the
ribbon on the house. Written up in the November 1958 edition of McCall's
Magazine (above). Contractor: Eugene Gulledge
(Superior Contracting Company of Greensboro). B/W photos
from UNCG Walter Jackson Library, Department of Special Collections. Recent photos by Charles Brummitt.
tour by photographer
Tom Lassiter. The 360° VR tour is self-guided and does not depict
every room (bathrooms, utility rooms, and a lower-level
recreation room and bedroom were not photographed).
Use the directional arrows in the navigation bar that
overlays each image, or your mouse, to explore each space.
The button on the far right of the navigation bar opens a
full-screen view. Hotspots, which link to views of
other rooms, are depicted by highlighted areas or pulsing
John Stratton purchased the house to be part of a larger redevelopment.
Although the house had deteriorated to the point where it could
not economically be recovered, neighbors organized to save it
In 2010, after several public hearings, the house was
1959 - The Marion
and Kenneth P. Hinsdale House,
612 Rockford Road, Greensboro NC. Also known as the 1959 Commencement
House. Built for $24,000, the UNCG students divided
the small, family-oriented, one story house into public and
private zones, orienting the public but cozy dining room and
theatrical living room out a large expanse of glass wall
toward the wooded lot and a lake view. There are three
bedrooms and two and one-half baths, including a large
master suite. The house was featured in
Living for Young Homemakers. Walter J. Moran was the interior designer. Contractor
was Eugene Gulledge
of Superior Contracting Company. Sold to Randy McManus who
did a restoration.
1959 - The James Bruce House, Greensboro NC.
Address unknown. A mix of Modern and traditional;
often referred to as Loewenstein "hybrid" house.
1959 - The Evelyn and John Hyman House,
608 Kimberly Drive,
Greensboro. Designed with Gregory Ivy. Built by
Eugene Gulledge. Landscape design by Raeford
Turner. Addition and renovation in the 1980's,
Sold to Lisa Tannenbaum. Sold in 2006 to Fred Lopp.
As of 2011 owned by Lopp's LLC, Equity Resource Partners IV LLC.
Part of the 2013 NCMH ModStar Tour.
102 Elmwood Terrace, Greensboro.
It had been empty for 8 years and was close to being destroyed.
David Kratt bought it and did massive renovations between 1995 and
1999. Sold in 2002.
2007 to Myron and Sklyer
Bass. Sold in 2012 to Bart Alan and Tonya Ruth
1960 - The Virginia F. and Dallas Bright House,
Greensboro. The former address for the site
was 6812 West
Friendly Avenue. A traditional ranch house. In
Brights sold to the NC DOT who ran a road through the front
yard. Sold in 2002 to Creative Home Solutions of the
Triad. Photo by Steve Powers.
1961 - The Bob Pennfield White
1244 Sam Lions Trail, Martinsville VA. Built on a cliff. They spent three years looking at plan
books for a special "California-style" house. Loewenstein
designed the original house core; Bill Gilbert of Stanley Bowles
Corporation designed the rest. Built by Earl Helms, later Stanley
Do you have a photo?
1962 - The Joanne and Wayne Davis House,
5925 Westdale Acres Drive, Pleasant Garden NC. 5 acres.
Commissioned 1959. As of 2011 still owned by the Davis
1962 - The
Alf Hollar House, aka the Horizon House,
1807 Brookcliff Drive, Greensboro
NC, part of
a competition sponsored locally by Carolina Quality Block
Construction. Originally owned by Superior Construction
Corporation who was also the builder. They sold it to Hollar. Addition by
Clinton Gravely in the 1970's.
As of 2011 owned by Travis and Louise Hicks. B/W photos by Carol W. Martin/Greensboro Historical Museum Collection. olor photos by Mark Meagher.
1962 - The
Leah and A. Jack Tannenbaum House,
2904 Wynnewood Drive,
Greensboro. Features a large curved fireplace, exposed timber ceiling, and a courtyard. Renovations in 1975. As
of 2011 owned by their daughter, Jean. Clinton Gravely and
Frank Harmon were project architects.
1964 - The M. Celeste Ulrich House,
5808 Queen Alice Road,
Greensboro. According to Celeste Ulrich, Loewenstein
did a few sketches but the house was never built.
1964 - The Ellen and Edgar Marks House,
210 Kemp Road East,
Greensboro. Sold in 1975 to Ellen S. Marks. Sold in 1975 to
Claudius and Virginia Dockery III. Sold in 1976 to
I. H. Caffey Jr. Sold in 1983 to George W. and Carroll Page, Jr.
Top photo by Paul Macy.
1964 - The Richard and Joan Steele Residence,
601 Woodland Drive, Greensboro NC.
As of 2011 owned by William and Elizabeth Blackwell.
Top photo by Leilani Carter.
The Herbert L. Smith and Nancy Downs Smith House,
3307 Gaston Road,
Greensboro NC. Also known as the 1965 Commencement House. Nancy Downs, hostess for the WUNC-TV
show "Potpourri," had covered the 1958 Commencement House and had
her eyes on being the next Commencement House client. Student
Polly Colville designed a dramatic 17-foot high window wall in the
entrance hall, a second-floor deck above a terrace overlooking the
golf course at the rear of the lot.
Sold in 1986.
The property went into foreclosure in 2009 and sold to Alan Bacot and Christine Cotton. 1.5
acres, 3878 square feet.
1965 - The
James and Anne Willis House,
707 Blair Street, Greensboro
NC. Threatened with teardown when Sara and Tom Sears bought the house in 2002. Has been restored.
The Joan and Herbert S. Falk, Jr., House,
2204 Marston Road,
Greensboro. Commissioned 1964. Sold in 2005 to Ryan and Lindsay Jones.
2930 Ormond Drive, Winston-Salem NC. The original
owners moved out and it was sold around 2000. As of 2011
owned by Susan Alvers and Ralph Rice.
The David M. Parmelee House,
429 East Hendrix Street, Greensboro.
We have been unable to locate this house; it may be destroyed.
Do you know?
1967 - The Mark and Willie Snow Ethridge
1444 Center Grove Church Road, Moncure NC. As of 2011 owned by Joyce and
- The Florence and Albert Jacobson House,
3607 Henderson Road,
Greensboro. This was from a plan book; Loewenstein did
modifications. As of 2011 owned by Christine
- The Barbara and Maurice Fishman House,
204 Kemp Road East,
Sold to Barbara Lavietes. As of 2011 owned by Kelli Ingram.