Loewenstein said that "dedicated architects die unhappy. They
never get to unleash creative juices because of pressure to
2014 Article in Our State Magazine
Highlights from the Greensboro Zoning Commission's initial 2009
Loewenstein's 1958 Commencement House.
See their vote, below.
The Greensboro City Council's November 2009 vote on
Loewenstein's 1958 Commencement House.
The world's expert on Loewenstein
houses is Patrick Lee Lucas of the University of Kentucky,
formerly with UNC-Greensboro.
Born in Chicago, Edward Loewenstein graduated from
Deerfield Shields High School then graduated from MIT with a BA in Architecture
in 1935. He worked as a draftsman for Ralph E. Stoetzel and Newhouse Berham in
Chicago before opening an office in Highland Park IL in 1938, designing five
houses on one street. He served in the US Army for five years starting in
In 1946, he moved to Greensboro with wife Francis Stern
Loewenstein. His wife's stepfather, the very wealthy Julius Cone, provided
access to a large social network of contacts upon which Loewenstein built an
architectural practice. In 1953, he joined with Robert A. Atkinson, Jr. to
form Loewenstein-Atkinson and was elected president of the NC Architectural
Foundation from 1953-1955.
Loewenstein was the first white architect in North
Carolina to hire black architects, including
William Streat in 1950,
Edward (Blue) Jenkins,
Clinton Gravely. According to his
daughter, Jane Levy, "my father just respected everyone. When confronted
by white architects who had a problem with black co-workers, he told them they
were welcome to leave." Loewenstein was an active member of Terry
Sanford's North Carolina Commission on Civil Rights.
Here's the firm around 1965:
Major Sanders is in the middle front and Clinton Gravely
is three to the right in the back. The firm's work
was featured in the New York Times, Architectural
Record, Good Housekeeping, and Southern Architect among
Walter T. (Tom) Wilson was 27 when he was made
partner in 1967 and the firm became Loewenstein Atkinson and Wilson.
At its peak the firm employed more than 30 with branches in Greensboro,
Martinsville VA, Danville VA, Raleigh, and Burlington. The firm designed
around 1600 buildings. Their offices were in a non-modernist Georgian-style
1030 East Wendover Avenue,
the former mansion of Julius Cone where Wilson stored all of the firm's
blueprints. As of 2009, the firm is called Wilson Lysiak.
Loewenstein's many well-known commercial projects
included the Greensboro YWCA, the Hayes Taylor YMCA, the Beth David Synagogue,
and the Greensboro Public Library, now the Elon University Law School, below.
Loewenstein's residential portfolio
was frequently Modernist, he did many traditional and
hybrid houses which are also included here. He
died of a sudden heart attack in 1970.
1930's - Three to five traditional houses
in Highland Park IL.
No photos or addresses. Do you
know where they are?
1950 - The R. S. Cole House,
1208 Westridge Road,
Greensboro. Sold in 1955 to John Futrell. Sold in
1962 to Thomas A. and Dorothy Hall, Jr. Sold in 1989 to
Curtis and Terry Lashley, who took out the existing Modernist
windows and put in vertical windows. Sold in 1991 to
Rob and Karen Luisana, who added a second story in 1991 designed
by Karen Luisana and built by Don Sykes.
Photos by Paul Macy.
1951 - The Martha and Wilbur Lee (Bo) Carter, Jr. Residence,
1012 Country Club Drive,
Greensboro NC. This is the first Modernist house in the
area. Loewenstein incorporated passive solar heating in
the "solar cell" room on the south side. The room originally had
a glass roof, sheltered in summer by two mature trees. In
winter, without leaves on the trees, the sun could warm the
room. A few years after construction, the trees died and were
removed. The room got much too hot without the trees so the
glass roof was replaced with a conventional roof.
Listed in the National Register of
Historic Places in 2008. Won an AIANC
design award in 1951. Featured in Architectural Record 1952-53.
Sold to Daniel and Kathy Craft. Bottom photo by Leilani
Carter. Part of the 2013 NCMH Modstar Tour.
1951 - The
A. M. and Ruth Fleishman Residence,
2614 Morganton Road,
Fayetteville NC. As of 2011 owned by Dara and Stefani
Jim Brandt was the
draftsman. Built by Ed Rynick. Top four b/w
Has seriously deteriorated; by 2013 was on the market as a
teardown. Small bottom photos taken in 2013 by Virginia
1951 - The Adele and M.
Lewis Rosenberg House,
3300 Starmount Drive,
Greensboro. Traditional design. Sold to Clara
Mae Lupton. Sold to heirs of Clara Mae Lupton.
1952 - The Barbara and
Harvey Colchamiro House,
106 Knollwood Drive,
Greensboro. Traditional design. Sold in
2002 to John and Lori Wilson.
1952 - The Charles D. Orth
III House, corner of Dover Road at Hammel Road,
Greensboro. Traditional design. Commissioned
1950. Has been extensively renovated.
1952 - The
172 Ocean Boulevard,
Kitty Hawk, NC.
Edith Pipkin was secretary of the Cone
Mills. Deeded to Pipkin's great-nephew Ashmead Pringle
1953 - The Eleanor and Marion Bertling
2312 Princess Ann Street,
Greensboro NC. Atypical of the times, almost three dozen
neighbors signed a petition of
for building a Modernist dwelling, flying in the face of the
unwritten restrictions from the planning and zoning department
to prohibit such designs in the Kirkwood neighborhood. Sold in
Elaine L. and John R. Hammer. Exterior photos by Nicole Alvarez.
1953 - The JoAnne Spangler Residence,
444 Downing Drive,
Danville VA. The 1700-square foot, one-story home perches on the
hillside and a large exterior deck floats above the creek,
suspending deck-sitters in the midst of trees. Sold in
2006 to Porter Aichele and Fritz Janschka.
Restored in 2007. In 2011, architect Carl Myatt designed a
1954 - The Addie and John
R. Miller House,
1904 Lafayette Avenue,
Greensboro. Traditional design. Sold in
1986 to Betty Jo and Charles Forney III.
1954 - The Mildred and E.
Ray Bond House,
1214 Westridge Road,
Greensboro. Unsure if this is the original
house footprint; it appears to have an addition.
Sold to Edward and Colleen C. Catalano. Has
been remodeled away from Modernist design. Bottom
photo by Steve Powers.
1954 - The Oscar and
Juliet Burnett House,
1908-1910 Lafayette Avenue,
Greensboro. Interiors by Sarah Hunter Kelly.
Lighting by Thomas Smith Kelly. Destroyed
1954 - The William A.
(Bill) Stern House,
114 Wedgedale Avenue,
Greensboro. Traditional design. As
of 2011 owned by Douglas and Shannon Childs.
1954 - The Edward and Frances Loewenstein
2104 Granville Road,
Greensboro. Featured in the New York Times Magazine, June 1955.
Has a separate carport / apartment. Located on three acres. As
of 2011 owned by Jane Levy, Loewenstein's daughter, and her husband
Richard. The amazing living room fireplace is built into a
Part of the 2013 NCMH Modapalooza Tour.
1954 - The Maurice and Dorothy Fleishman
1501 Raeford Road,
Fayetteville NC. Attributed to Loewenstein. Sold to
Raymond E. Nicholson. Destroyed in 2009.
1954 - The Libbie and Clarence
910 Sunset Drive,
Greensboro. 4900 sf. Traditional design. Destroyed
around 1998. Two new large houses, shown above, were built
on the site around 2005.
1954 - The James L. Henson House,
1004 Dover Road,
Greensboro. Sold 1976 to Clara B. and Curtis Ray Holmes.
Traditional design. Transferred to their trust in 1998.
The Lawrence and Ellen Cohen House,
1002 Dover Road,
Greensboro. Sold in 1978 to M. Harvey Rubin. Sold in 1986
to Albert and Florence Jacobson.
A mix of
Modern and traditional; often referred to as Loewenstein
1955 - The Martha and Ceasar Cone
506 West Cornwallis Drive,
Destroyed. Loewenstein's daughter Jane Loewenstein
Levy recalls that Cone was the only client her father argued
with, especially over the cost of air conditioning the Modernist
mansion Loewenstein designed for him. Cone fired and then
rehired Loewenstein. The mansion was demolished around
1994 for a cul-de-sac neighborhood, bottom photo. B/W
Carol W. Martin/Greensboro Historical Museum Collection.
1955 - The Alsia and Archie B. Joyner House,
1805 Nottingham Road,
Sold in 1995 to Susan S.
and Thomas P. Storrs.
1955 - The Elreta and Girardeau Alexander House, Randleman Road,
Greensboro. On February 12, 1962, Girardeau and 10 other
black citizens of Greensboro filed a historic suit against two
new hospitals of that Black Negro physicians and dentists from
the staffs of the hospitals and the exclusion of Negro patients
either from admission or admission on the same basis as whites
was in violation of constitutional rights. The Alexanders
divorced and Elreta Alexander-Ralston became the first black
woman in the nation elected to the bench in 1968. In 1947, she
was the first black woman licensed as a lawyer in North
1955 - The Ann and Lloyd
P. Tate Residence, aka Starland Farm, Midland Road, Southern
Pines NC. Landscape architecture by
worked for Loewenstein and went to Southern Pines to oversee
construction. Interiors by Sarah Hunter Kelly. Destroyed around
1989 for the Long Leaf Country Club.
1955 - The Doris and
W. C. Boren III House,
1912 Lafayette Avenue,
Greensboro. Traditional design. Sold in
1983 to Charley W and Judith Proctor. Sold
in 1997 to William E. and Emily Hall, Jr.
1955 - The Faye and French P. Wise
3700 Holts Chapel Road,
Greensboro. Traditional design. Sold in 2000 to Amy A.
Reynolds. Photo by Steve Powers.
1955 - The Ogburn Fletcher Stafford, Sr. House,
5307 Wayne Road,
Sedgefield NC. Taken over by NCNB when Fletcher
died in 1970. Remodeled in 1974. Sold to
Sigmund and Helen Davidson in 1978. Transferred
under Davidson family control several times. Sold in
1991 to Barry and Susan Heller. Sold in 2002 to
Layne A. and Judy Ann Fuller.
1956 - The Herman L.
and Edyth Davidson Residence,
3932 Starmount Drive,
Greensboro. Designed with Otto Zenke.
A bit modern from the outside. Inside,
quite traditional. Sold in 2001 to William C.
Alley and Gordon L. Nelson. Sold in 2005
to Douglas (Slade) and Tamera (Tammy) Lewis.
The Stephen L. and Nancy York Upson House,
2101 Lafayette Avenue,
Original house, left photo
Traditional design. Sold in 2007 to Liza M. and James
C. Lee. They changed the roofline and expanded the
footprint, right photo.
1956 - The Isabel and
Sydney Cone, Jr. House,
306 Rockford Road,
As of 2011 owned by
Paul and Mary Livingston.
1956 - The Sidney J. and Katherine
(Kay) Stern Residence,
1804 Nottingham Road,
Greensboro. 5000 sf. Sold in 2012 to the Katherine Stern
Trust. Interiors by Sarah Hunter Kelly.
Part of the 2013 NCMH Modstar Tour.
1958 - The Robert S.
and Bettie Chandgie House,
Greensboro. Commissioned 1957. A mix of
Modern and traditional; often referred to as
Loewenstein "hybrid" house. Renovated in 1985.
As of 2011 still owned by the Chandgies.
1957 - The Emma and
Victor Bates House,
3910 Starmount Drive,
Sold in 2001 to
William Chester Alley and Gordon L. Nelson.
1957 - The Monroe and
Esther Rippe House, Danville VA. 3000 sf. Address
The Francis and Irvin Squires Residence, aka the
Commencement House, 2207 North Elm Street, taught an
innovative architectural design course at NC Woman's College
(now UNC-Greensboro). Twenty-three female students designed
a house, oversaw its construction, and decorated the
resulting structure, dubbed the Commencement House by the
University's public relations office. The Greensboro Daily
News proclaimed the house "as modern as tomorrow," hailing
the women who designed it as pioneers, reporting that "they
are the first pupils outside the schools of architecture to
attempt the complete designing and building of a house." At
its May 1958 dedication, covered by the newspaper and
broadcast on WUNC-TV, North Carolina First Lady Mrs. Luther
Hodges, herself an alumna of Woman's College, cut the ribbon
on the house. Written up in the November 1958 edition of
McCall's Magazine (above). Contractor: Eugene
Gulledge (Superior Contracting Company of Greensboro).
B/W photos from UNCG Walter Jackson Library, Department of
Special Collections. Recent photos by Charles
virtual tour by photographer
The 360° VR tour is self-guided and does not depict every
room (bathrooms, utility rooms, and a lower-level recreation
room and bedroom were not photographed). Use the
directional arrows in the navigation bar that overlays each
image, or your mouse, to explore each space. The button on
the far right of the navigation bar opens a full-screen
view. Hotspots, which link to views of other rooms,
are depicted by highlighted areas or pulsing circles.
Developer John Stratton purchased the house to be part of a
larger redevelopment. Although the house had
deteriorated to the point where it could not economically be
recovered, neighbors organized to save it anyway. In
2010, after several public hearings, the house was
1959 - The
Marion and Kenneth P. Hinsdale House,
612 Rockford Road,
Greensboro NC. Also known as the 1959 Commencement
House. Built for $24,000, the UNCG students divided
the small, family-oriented, one story house into public and
private zones, orienting the public but cozy dining room and
theatrical living room out a large expanse of glass wall
toward the wooded lot and a lake view. There are three
bedrooms and two and one-half baths, including a large
master suite. The house was featured in Living for
Young Homemakers. Walter J. Moran was the interior
designer. Contractor was Eugene Gulledge of Superior
Contracting Company. Sold to Randy McManus who did a
The James Bruce House, Greensboro NC. Address unknown.
A mix of Modern and traditional; often referred to as
Loewenstein "hybrid" house.
1959 - The Evelyn and John
608 Kimberly Drive,
Greensboro. Designed with Gregory Ivy. Built
by Eugene Gulledge. Landscape design by Raeford
Turner. Addition and renovation in the
1980's, architect unknown. Sold to Lisa
Tannenbaum. Sold in 2006 to Fred Lopp. As of 2011
owned by Lopp's LLC, Equity Resource Partners IV LLC.
Part of the 2013 NCMH ModStar
102 Elmwood Terrace,
It had been empty for 8 years and was close to being
destroyed. David Kratt bought it and did massive
renovations between 1995 and 1999. Sold in 2002.
Sold in 2007 to Myron and
Sklyer Bass. Sold in 2012 to Bart Alan and Tonya
1960 - The Virginia F. and Dallas Bright House,
1000 Stage Coach Trail,
Greensboro. The former address for the site was
6812 West Friendly Avenue. A traditional ranch
house. In 1999, the Brights sold to the NC DOT who
ran a road through the front yard. Sold in 2002 to
Creative Home Solutions of the Triad. Photo by
1961 - The Bob Pennfield White
1244 Sam Lions Trail,
Martinsville VA. Built on a cliff. They
spent three years looking at plan books for a special
"California-style" house. Loewenstein designed the
original house core; Bill Gilbert of Stanley Bowles
Corporation designed the rest. Built by Earl Helms,
later Stanley Clark. Do you have a photo?
1962 - The Joanne and Wayne
5925 Westdale Acres Drive,
Pleasant Garden NC. 5 acres. Commissioned
1959. As of 2011 still owned by the Davis family.
1962 - The Alf Hollar House, aka
the Horizon House,
1807 Brookcliff Drive,
Greensboro NC, part of a competition sponsored locally by
Carolina Quality Block Construction. Originally owned
by Superior Construction Corporation who was also the
builder. They sold it to Hollar. Addition by
in the 1970's. As of 2011 owned by Travis and Louise
Hicks. B/W photos by Carol W. Martin/Greensboro Historical
Museum Collection. olor photos by Mark Meagher.
1962 - The Leah and A. Jack
2904 Wynnewood Drive,
Greensboro. Features a large curved fireplace, exposed
timber ceiling, and a courtyard. Renovations in
1975. As of 2011 owned by their daughter, Jean.
Clinton Gravely and
were project architects.
1964 - The M. Celeste Ulrich
5808 Queen Alice Road,
Greensboro. According to Celeste Ulrich, Loewenstein
did a few sketches but the house was never built.
1964 - The Ellen and Edgar
210 Kemp Road East,
Greensboro. Sold in 1975 to Ellen S. Marks. Sold in 1975
to Claudius and Virginia Dockery III. Sold in 1976
to I. H. Caffey Jr. Sold in 1983 to George W. and
Carroll Page, Jr. Top photo by Paul Macy.
1964 - The Richard and Joan
601 Woodland Drive, Greensboro
NC. As of
2011 owned by William and Elizabeth Blackwell. Top
photo by Leilani Carter.
1965 - The Herbert L. Smith
and Nancy Downs Smith House,
3307 Gaston Road,
Greensboro NC. Also known as the 1965 Commencement
House. Nancy Downs, hostess for the WUNC-TV show
"Potpourri," had covered the 1958 Commencement House and
had her eyes on being the next Commencement House
client. Student Polly Colville designed a dramatic
17-foot high window wall in the entrance hall, a
second-floor deck above a terrace overlooking the golf
course at the rear of the lot.
Sold in 1986.
The property went into foreclosure in 2009 and sold to
Alan Bacot and Christine Cotton. 1.5 acres, 3878
1965 - The
James and Anne Willis House,
707 Blair Street,
Greensboro NC. Threatened with teardown when Sara
and Tom Sears bought the house in 2002. Has been
1965 - The Joan and
Herbert S. Falk, Jr., House,
2204 Marston Road,
Greensboro. Commissioned 1964. Sold
in 2005 to Ryan and Lindsay Jones.
2930 Ormond Drive,
Winston-Salem NC. The original owners
moved out and it was sold around 2000. As
of 2011 owned by Susan Alvers and Ralph Rice.
1965 - The David M. Parmelee
429 East Hendrix Street,
Greensboro. We have been unable to locate this
house; it may be destroyed. Do you know?
1967 - The
Mark and Willie Snow Ethridge Residence,
1444 Center Grove Church Road, Moncure
NC. As of 2011 owned by Joyce and Fred Sparling.
1967 - The Florence and
Albert Jacobson House,
3607 Henderson Road,
Greensboro. This was from a plan book;
Loewenstein did modifications. As of 2011
owned by Christine Stone.
1968 - The Barbara
and Maurice Fishman House,
204 Kemp Road
Sold to Barbara
Lavietes. As of 2011 owned by Kelli